Xinyue Pan gained her Ph.D. degree in Social and Organizational Psychology from the University of Maryland, College Park in 2023. Before that, she gained two Bachelor’s degrees in Psychology and in Economics from Peking University in 2015. Her research uses computational and empirical methods to understand the formation, maintenance, and change of social norms in organizations. Her work has been featured in many scientific outlets and conferences, such as Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, American Psychologist, and International Conference on Behavioral and Social Computing.



1. Zhou, Y., Li, W., Gao, T., Pan, X., & Han, S. (2023). Neural representation of perceived race mediates the opposite relationship between subcomponents of self-construals and racial outgroup punishment. Cerebral Cortex, bhad157.

2. Choi, V. K., Shrestha, S., Pan, X., & Gelfand, M. J. (2022). When danger strikes: A linguistic tool for tracking America’s collective response to threats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(4), e2113891119.

3. Pan, X., Gelfand, M., & Nau, D. (2021). Integrating evolutionary game theory and cross-cultural psychology to understand cultural dynamics. American Psychologist, 76(6), 1054-1066.

4. Gelfand, M. J., Jackson, J. C., Pan, X., Nau, D., Pieper, D., Denison, E., Dagher, M., Van Lange, P.A.M., Chiu, C., & Wang, M. (2021). The relationship between cultural tightness–looseness and COVID-19 cases and deaths: A global analysis. The Lancet Planetary Health, 5(3), e135-e144.

5. Liu, Y., Li, S., Lin, W., Li, W., Yan, X., Wang, X., Pan, X., Rutledge, R. B., & Ma, Y. (2019). Oxytocin modulates social value representations in the amygdala. Nature Neuroscience, 22(4), 633-641.

6. Pfabigan, D. M., Wucherer, A. M., Wang, X., Pan, X., Lamm, C., & Han, S. (2018). Cultural influences on the processing of social comparison feedback signals—an ERP study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13(12), 1317-1326.

Selected Working in Progress

1. Pan, X., Hsiao, V., Nau, D. S., & Gelfand, M. J. (accepted). Explaining the evolution of gossip. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

2. Pan, X., De, S., Hsiao, V., Nau, D. S., & Gelfand, M. J. (under review). Extreme threat leads to the evolution of intergroup cooperation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.

3. Pan, X., Landry, A., & Gelfand, M. J. (in press). The evolution of intergroup relations. Oxford Handbook of Cultural Evolution.

4. Gelfand, M. J., Pan, X., & Landry, A. (in press). A failure of fear: Liabilities of looseness during COVID-19. In M. K. Miller (Ed.), The social science of the COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action for researchers. Oxford University Press.