Teaching posts on law degrees at the Universities of: 

1.      Birmingham (01 September 1984 to 30 August 1985), 

2.      University of Ulster Magee College Londonderry (01 September 1985 – 30 September 1990), 

3.      Law School, University of Lancaster (01 October 1990 – 30 December 1999) (promoted to Senior Lecturer October 1996).

4.      Lancashire Law School, University of Central Lancashire from 01 January 2000 to September 2016 as Law Professor, promoted to Senior Professor in August 2014) In September 2016 I accepted took voluntary early retirement from UCLan under a general university-wide voluntary severance scheme, but I continued working on a temporary position until the present to complete my PhD supervision work on a professor emeritus basis.


I have contracts for two future books. Regionalism and International Law and Relations (Ashgate) and National Security Issues and State Legitimacy in Shakespeare’s Hamlet (with Kim McGuire) with a German publishing house.


In addition, I have made substantial progress with draft publications on the role of US geopolitical power in national security dimensions of international law and relations, and the rationale for study revised forms of US imperialism as a topic within the study of international criminal justice and international law more generally, which I will publish as a book in late 2021.


For reasons of space, structure and word limits, my monograph on criminal justice and hate crimes left out some vital draft chapters on international and comparative law aspects of incitement to genocide that I will also turn into a series of articles.

Teaching and Research Interests


My teaching and research interests are varied. They include


·         International / transnational criminal justice and national security, with particular reference to the role of intelligence agencies.


·         The standing of regular legal norms during “states of emergency.”


·         Academic writing and qualitative research skills,


·         Academic/research mentoring / PhD supervision


·         Exploring issues raised by practices of judicial and other forms of textual interpretation,


·         Law and security related issues in related to interdisciplinary empirical research that crosses the boundaries of intelligence studies and international criminal law.


·      Law and policy aspects of hate crime, including international criminal justice aspects of incitement to genocide and terrorism.


·       Implications for international law and relations of the rise of regionalism within South East Asia (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Arab League, African Union) and


·          Law and literature - especially constitutional and security issues in Shakespeare’s Hamlet.

·          Activity and group based academic learning.


Our hate crime project was a major study which included organising an international academic and practitioner conference in Brussels in 2013 - see the following:


I co-founded in 2015 UCLan’s “Institute for International and Comparative Law” within an emphasis on China

Here, I helped organise and contributed to an international conference at my home university on “Institute for International and Comparative Law International Conference on “Rule of Law and Chinese Legal Reforms: Developments and Prospects”  in Collaboration with the Confucius Institute, Lancashire Law School University of Central Lancashire 13 May 2015, Preston, UK


My paper was later chosen for publication in a special issue: ' The Liberal Rule-of-law as a Critical Yardstick for China? Explaining Some Contradictions, ’ 5(1) Global Journal of Comparative Law 2016.


Research Plans

I am currently completing three monograph for publication by academic publishers: 


·         “National security issues as explored in Shakespeares’ Hamlet.’

·       The Emergence of a revised form of US imperialism and its complex relation with international law norms, doctrines, institutions and procedures..

·          The Rise of Regionalism within International law and relations, including in relation to Schmittian geopolitical Grossraum (large space) theory

I am co-writing a paper with one of my former Heyuan Polytechnic students contrasting traditional, exclusively written and textbook/written exam oriented studies of English language, with an emerging trend towards activity based and communicatively oriented approaches, which I have developed with others in my own teaching. This contrasts the perspective of both a student of mine and myself in order to give a two dimension and experiential account of the challenges Chinese ESL students face and the possibilities of meeting these in innovative ways that on occasion with generate predictable resistance.


I also have a number of draft studies on the phenomenology of prejudice and the phenomenology of empathy, which were originally part of our EU hate crime project but needed to be removed from the final monograph for space reasons. These could provide the material for future publications


PhD Supervision


I have successfully supervised numerous PhD students many of which now hold senior positions in UK universities

·     Dr Geoff Pearson (Univ of Liverpool) (domestic and international law and practice regarding sports-related criminal violence)

·         Dr Julia Shaw (Leicester University) jurisprudential aspects of euthanasia

·         Dr/professor Susan Ost (:Lancaster University) international law aspects of euthanasia

·         Dr Susan Twist (UClan law school) (war crimes in international law)

·         Dr Allwell Ubesque) (UClan law school) (international human rights law and practice in Nigeria)

·         Dr John McGarry (Edge Hill University) (theory of legal interpretation)

·         Dr Maggi Eastwood (Edge Hill University) (incitement to genocide law)

·         Dr Joy Ogechi (not working in a job)

·         Dr Syn Chitolie (comparative law of Equity)

·         Dr Katherine Ogunleye (war crimes in Nigeria)

·         Dr Jumi Talbot (the legality of US targeting killing with drones).

I am completing supervision as Professor Emeritus of one other student Danny Dyson on immunity aspects of the 1947-9 Tokyo War crimes trials aspects of medical / biological warfare


I completed an EU funded hate crime project at UClan as Principal Researcher.


I have worked in interdisciplinary teams in many of my earlier projects including most recently the EU funded hate crime project, which combined international criminal law with domestic criminal law (doctrinal and socio-legal) as well as international comparative law.


If you look at my publications and the journals you can see that most of my publications have crossed disciplinary boundaries including those of

·         International criminal justice and intelligence studies, 2/. International law and international relations,

·         International law theory and political theory,

·         International criminal law and archival research into immunity from prosecution deals.


My overall approach is social scientific using qualitative research methods/methodologies, which explains why I have been asked regularly to contribute to cross-faculty research methods training courses in both my previous universities. 

Please note the high number of joint publications with colleagues and Ph.D. students as part of their research mentoring.


I also co-founded the UCLan Institute for International and Comparative Law in 2014-15:, and organised various conferences including on China and the Rule of Law


I am an active member of numerous networks related to EU policy and hate crime, legal theory, research methods in law, and you can see from my cv that my publications have included many with colleagues from other universities, including John Moores. Also, I am completing research with colleagues from Griffiths University on regionalism and international law, and was invited there in 2017 as a senior visiting fellow. I also have organised conferences on China and the rule of law which involved my network of contacts from South East Asia and the University of Macao, where I have given advanced workshops on research techniques, I have also been a visiting professor at a top 10 Chinese Law School in 2012 and later in 2014

Awards and honors

Major Publications




·      The Legal Framework of Debt In Northern Ireland; (short paperback book aimed at CAB practitioners) October 1988, 50 pages.


·      Place of Safety Orders in Northern Ireland: Child Abuse, Law and Practice Issues. DHSS, (NI) 45, 1992 (research report for NI DHSS with Mary McColgan), 70 pages.


·      Hegel and Law, edited collection, but with my 50 page introduction, part of Professor Tom Campbell’s series on Philosophers and Law published in hardback by Ashgate, Dartmouth, 2003 (ISBN 0 7546 2092 1).


·      Sixty Years on: New Research on the Office of Strategic Services, edited collection. 132 pages, Lit Verlag, Germany. 2003: (ISBN: 3825864588 / 978-3825864583)


·      Writing Law Dissertations: An Introduction and Guide to the Conduct of Legal Research, Pearson Education, February 2007, senior author but co-written with Julie Mason, LLS (245 pages). This is aimed at LLB, LLM and PG research students undertaking doctrinal, socio-legal and comparative research dissertations (ISBN 0 582 89458).


·      Nazi War Crimes, US Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremberg: Controversies Regarding the Role of the Office of Strategic Services, Abingdon: Routledge, June 2007, 451 pages (ISBN 904385-80-6).


·      US Intelligence, The Holocaust and the Nuremberg Trials: Brill / Nijhoff, 2009 Vols. 1 and 2. (761 pages) ISBN 978 9004 17320.


·      Carl Schmitt: Law as Politics, Ideology and Strategic Myth, Abingdon,: Routledge, March 2012.(302 pages) ISBN-13: 978-0415478502


·      From the Lived Experience of Hate Crime, with Dr McGuire, Berlin/London: Springer, 2019: ISBN 978-3-030-33888-6


Chapters in Academic Books:


·      'Hegel and the Social Dynamics of Property Law' in A W Harris (ed) Property Problems: From Genes to Pension Funds (W.G. Hart legal workshop series), Nijhoff: The Hague, 1997: 201-230:


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘Property law : between private rights and public policy?’ M. Doupe & Salter, M., Contemporary issues in Property law. In P. Jackson, (ed.). Aldershot: Ashgate Dartmouth, 1999: 66-93.



·      'Unsettling Accounts: Methodological Issues within the Reconstruction of the Role of a US Intelligence Agency within the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,’, Current Legal Issues, 2003, Vol.6, published in book form as Law and History, Andrew Lewis and Michael Lobban, (eds.) (2003): 275–30


·      'The Visibility of the Holocaust: Franz Neumann and the Nuremberg trials’: in Fine, R. and Turner, C. (eds.), Social Theory After the Holocaust, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000: 197-218


·      'Resources for a Dialectical Legal Semiotics,’ in Anne Wagner and Jan M. Broekmaned (eds.),

Prospects of Legal Semiotics,' Springer, 2010: 107-141 (12,050 words).


·      With Maggi Eastwood, 'From the Martens Clause to the ICC,' Book chapter in: Elements of Genocide, ed Paul Brehens and Ralf Henham, Rouledge, 2012: 33-56 (12,000 words).

·      'Genocide Denial in relation to the Nuremberg Trials,’ Chapter in Brehens and Jensen, Holocaust and Genocide Denial: A Contextual Perspective, Routledge, 2017: 33-50 (7000 words).



Major Refereed Articles:


·      ‘A Fresh Look At Football Hooliganism"; The Journal Of Leisure Studies, Vol. 3, No.2, May 1984: 201-219.2.


·      ‘The Languages of Law’,  Liverpool Law Review,  Vol. 7, No.1 (summer edition), 1985, pp. 33-50.3.


·      ‘Football Hooliganism: Anticipation and Presence"; Youth And Policy, Vol. 1, No.13, Summer 1985, 19-27.4.


·      ‘The Judges And The Football Fan: A SportingContest?’; Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, Vol. 36, No.4, 1985, 351-357.5.


·      ‘Judicial Responses To Football Hooliganism’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, Vol. 37, No.3, Autumn 1986, 280-2926.


·      ‘Justifying Private Property Rights’, Legal Studies, Vol. 7, No.3, November 1987, 245-262.7.


·      ‘On The Beginnings Of Foundational Legal Research Into Legal Discourse’,  Liverpool  Law Review,  Vol. 9, No.1, April 1987, 23-43.8.


·      ‘Towards A Programme Of Foundational Legal Research,’ Journal Of The British Society For Phenomenology, (JBSP:Philosophy Journal) Vol. 19, No.2, May 1988, 250-258.9.


·      ‘Accountancy Education and Legal Literacy’, The Law Teacher , Vol. 24 Number 40, 1990: 208-221 (co-written with Prof. J. Ward, Univ.of Ulster).


·      ‘Lawyers Watching Their Language’, International Journal of Law and Semiotics, Vol. 4, No. 10, Jan 1991, 61-76..


·      ‘Laws of Language in Hegel's Semiology’,  International Journal of Law and Semiotics, Vol. 5, No.14, 1992, 165-180.12.


·      ‘Towards a Phenomenology of Legal Thinking’, Journal Of The British Society For Phenomenology (JBSP) Vol. 23, No.2, 1992: 167-182.13.


·      ‘Common Sense and the Resistance to Legal Theory’,  Ratio Juris,  Vol. 5, No.2, July 1992: 212-229


·      ‘On Heidegger's Account of Interpretation’, New Comparisons, No.17 , Spring 1994, 150-169. (Co-authored with Chris Harris, Modern Languages Dep't, Lancaster University).


·      ‘On the Idea of a Legal World’,  Int 'I Jnl of the Legal Profession, Vol.1, Winter 1994, 283-310.


·      ‘A Dialectic Despite Itself? Overcoming the Phenomenology of Legal Culture,’ S.& L.S.[Social and Legal Studies,  Sage], 1995, 4(4),453-476.


·      ‘Comparing Legal Cultures of Eastern Europe:the need for a Dialectical Analysis,’ Legal Studies 1996, 16(2), 157-184 (co-authored with Dr Puchalska, Univ. of Lancaster/ UCLan).


·      ‘The Impossibility of Human Rights within a Postmodern Account of Law and Justice.’  J.Civ. Lib  1996, 1(Mar), 34-59.


·      ‘Habermas's New Contribution to Legal Scholarship’,  J. Law & Soc 1997, 24(2), 285-305 (review article).


·      ‘Getting Public Law Back into a Critical Condition: the Rule of Law as a Source for Immanent Critique’  8(4) S. & L.S  1999,, 483-508.


·      ‘Neo-fascist legal theory on trial : an interpretation of Carl Schmitt's defence at Nuremberg from the perspective of Franz Neumann's critical theory of law,’ 12(2) Res Publica. 1999: 161-193


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘The Cheshire world-view,’ Doupe, M. & Salter, M., :11 King's College Law Journal: 2000, 49-77.


·      Ian Bryan & Michael Salter, ‘War crimes prosecutors and intelligence agencies: the case for assessing their collaboration,’ Intelligence and National Security, Volume 16(3), 2001: 93-120


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘Concealing the Past?: Questioning Textbook Interpretations of the History of Equity and Trusts,’ 22(5) Liverpool Law Review 2002: 253-285.


·      Salter, ‘The Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals and the OSS: The Need For a New Research Agenda’, 2 Journal of Intelligence History (2002): 77–119. 


·      M. Salter and S. Ost, ‘War Crimes and Legal Immunities: The Complicities of Waffen-SS General Karl Wolff in Nazi Medical Experiments’, 12 Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion (2003):>;


·      M Salter, ‘Unsettling Accounts: Methodological Issues within the Reconstruction of the Role of a US Intelligence Agency within the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,’ 6(1) Current Legal Issues,  (2004) 375-403. ISSN 0199264147 - also published in a book chapter version Law and History, OUP, 2014.


·      K. von Lingen and M. Salter, ‘Contrasting Strategies within the War Crimes Trials of Kesselring and Wolff,’ 26(3) Liverpool Law Review (2005): 225–66.


·      M. Eastwood and M. Salter, ‘Negotiating Nolle Prosequi at Nuremberg’, 3(1) Journal of International Criminal Justice (2005): 649–65.


·      Michael Salter and Lorie Charlesworth, ‘Ensuring the after-life of the Ciano diaries: Allen Dulles' provision of Nuremberg trial evidence, 21(4) Intelligence and National Security, 2006: 568-603 |


·      M. Salter, ‘Common Sense and the Resistance to Legal Theory’ Ratio Juris 5(2) (2007): 212 - 229   DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9337.1992.tb00126.x


·      Susan Twist, and Salter, M ‘The Micro-Sovereignty of Discretion in Legal Decision-Making: Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberal Principles of Legality’ 3 Web Journal of of Current Legal Issues, (2007): (web pages with no page numbers but 13, 240 words) ISSN 13601326.


·      M. Salter, ‘The Semiotics of Law, Literacy and Literature: Studying the Students’ Acquisition of the Literature of Law,’ Contemporary Issues in Law, Volume 9, Issue 4, 2008, 233-251 (10,500 words).


·      M. Salter, 'Trial by Media: The Psychological Warfare Background to OSS’s Contribution to the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,' Journal of Intelligence History, 2010 Vol. 9 1/2, 28-40, 8,000 words.


·      M.Salter, 'Carl Schmitt on the Secularisation of Religious Texts as a Resacralisation of Jurisprudence,’ International Journal for the Semiotics of Law: special issue 'Authoriality of Religious Law– A Semiotic Inquiry:' editor Massimo Leone, Summer. published online March 2012,. 1-35, DOI: 10.1007/s11196-012-9265- (hard copy publication March 2013.


·      ‘The Return of Politicised Space: Carl Schmitt’s Re-Orientation of Law Scholarship,’ Tilberg Law Review, Volume 17, Number 1, 2012; 5-31. (10,100 words)


·      'Reinterpreting Competing Interpretations of the Scope and Potential of the Martens Clause,' 17(3) J. Conflict Security Law (2012): 403-437. doi:10.1093/jcsl/krs013 / ISSN 1467-7954. First published online: July 19, 2012. (12,000 words)


·      Maggi Eastwood and M. Salter, 'Post-war Developments of the Martens Clause: The Codification of Crimes Against Humanity Applicable to Acts of Genocide.’ Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies 2.(2) (2012): 250-280.


·      'Law, Power and International Politics with Special Reference to East Asia: Carl Schmitt's Grossraum Analysis,' 11 Chinese Journal of International Law (2012), 393-423.


·      ‘A Reply to Koskennieni's letter’, 12(1) Chinese Journal of International Law (2013), 203-210.


·      Salter and Yinan Yin, ‘Analysing Regionalism within International Law and Relations: The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation as a Grossraum?’ 13(4) Chinese Journal of International Law (2014), 819-877.


·      Kim McGuire and Salter. ‘Legal responses to religious hate crime: Identifying critical issues.’ King's Law Journal 25(2) (2014): 159-184.


·      ‘Uncovering the Hidden Geo-Political Dimensions of Prosecuting Nazi War Crimes: The Covert Support Given by Military and Intelligence Officials for General Karl Wolff in his 1948-49 Trials,’ 2(1) The Covert Policing, Terrorism & Intelligence Law Review, 2014: 2-33


·      M. Salter and Kim McGuire, ‘Issues and Challenges in the Application of Husserlian Phenomenology to the Lived Experience of Hate Crime and Its Legal Aftermath An Enlightenment Prejudice Against Prejudice?" 30(10) Journal of Interpersonal Violence E.Pub (Oct. 6, 2014), hard copy June 1, 2015: 1782-1802.


·      ‘A Critical Assessment of US Intelligence’s Investigation of Nazi Art Looting,’ 13(2) Journal of  International  Criminal  Justice,  Summer  2015:  257–280,


·      ‘The Liberal Rule of law as a Critical Yardstick for China? Explaining Some Contradictions,’ 5(1) Global Journal of Comparative Law, (2016): 4-43 in ‘Special Issue: Rule of Law and Chinese Legal Reforms.’ 


·      Uwazuruike, Allwell Raphael and Salter, Michael, ‘What does regional studies study? From subnational to supra-national regional spaces or Grossraum of sovereign governance,’ 5 Territory, Politics, Governance, (2017): 1-22. ISSN 2162-2671: