Michael Geoffrey SALTER


Michael Geoffrey SALTER

Senior Lecturer

Education Background:
LLB Law - high 2.1 grade University of Southampton 1975-1978

PhD - University of Sheffield 1988 entitled ‘Law Sport and Public Disorder,’ external examiner Dr
/ Professor Paul Rock LSE, London.
Office Address

TB 551

Teaching Area

English Department of Humanities and Social Sciences


merits of alternative approaches to ESL teaching and learning; semiotics ( legal and philosophical); law and literature in relation to Hamlet; regionalism within international law and relations aspects of discourse


Major Publications




·      The Legal Framework of Debt In Northern Ireland; (short paperback book aimed at CAB practitioners) October 1988, 50 pages.


·      Place of Safety Orders in Northern Ireland: Child Abuse, Law and Practice Issues. DHSS, (NI) 45, 1992 (research report for NI DHSS with Mary McColgan), 70 pages.


·      Hegel and Law, edited collection, but with my 50 page introduction, part of Professor Tom Campbell’s series on Philosophers and Law published in hardback by Ashgate, Dartmouth, 2003 (ISBN 0 7546 2092 1).


·      Sixty Years on: New Research on the Office of Strategic Services, edited collection. 132 pages, Lit Verlag, Germany. 2003: (ISBN: 3825864588 / 978-3825864583)


·      Writing Law Dissertations: An Introduction and Guide to the Conduct of Legal Research, Pearson Education, February 2007, senior author but co-written with Julie Mason, LLS (245 pages). This is aimed at LLB, LLM and PG research students undertaking doctrinal, socio-legal and comparative research dissertations (ISBN 0 582 89458).


·      Nazi War Crimes, US Intelligence and Selective Prosecution at Nuremberg: Controversies Regarding the Role of the Office of Strategic Services, Abingdon: Routledge, June 2007, 451 pages (ISBN 904385-80-6).


·      US Intelligence, The Holocaust and the Nuremberg Trials: Brill / Nijhoff, 2009 Vols. 1 and 2. (761 pages) ISBN 978 9004 17320.


·      Carl Schmitt: Law as Politics, Ideology and Strategic Myth, Abingdon,: Routledge, March 2012.(302 pages) ISBN-13: 978-0415478502


·      From the Lived Experience of Hate Crime, with Dr McGuire, Berlin/London: Springer, 2019: ISBN 978-3-030-33888-6 https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783030338862


Chapters in Academic Books:


·      'Hegel and the Social Dynamics of Property Law' in A W Harris (ed) Property Problems: From Genes to Pension Funds (W.G. Hart legal workshop series), Nijhoff: The Hague, 1997: 201-230: http://www.gbv.de/dms/spk/sbb/recht/toc/29339203X.pdf


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘Property law : between private rights and public policy?’ M. Doupe & Salter, M., Contemporary issues in Property law. In P. Jackson, (ed.). Aldershot: Ashgate Dartmouth, 1999: 66-93.



·      'Unsettling Accounts: Methodological Issues within the Reconstruction of the Role of a US Intelligence Agency within the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,’, Current Legal Issues, 2003, Vol.6, published in book form as Law and History, Andrew Lewis and Michael Lobban, (eds.) (2003): 275–30 https://www.worldcat.org/title/law-and-history/oclc/56387223


·      'The Visibility of the Holocaust: Franz Neumann and the Nuremberg trials’: in Fine, R. and Turner, C. (eds.), Social Theory After the Holocaust, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000: 197-218


·      'Resources for a Dialectical Legal Semiotics,’ in Anne Wagner and Jan M. Broekmaned (eds.),

Prospects of Legal Semiotics,' Springer, 2010: 107-141 (12,050 words).


·      With Maggi Eastwood, 'From the Martens Clause to the ICC,' Book chapter in: Elements of Genocide, ed Paul Brehens and Ralf Henham, Rouledge, 2012: 33-56 (12,000 words).

·      'Genocide Denial in relation to the Nuremberg Trials,’ Chapter in Brehens and Jensen, Holocaust and Genocide Denial: A Contextual Perspective, Routledge, 2017: 33-50 (7000 words). https://www.routledge.com/Holocaust-and-Genocide-Denial-A-Contextual-Perspective-1st-Edition/Behrens-Jensen-Terry/p/book/9781138672734



Major Refereed Articles:


·      ‘A Fresh Look At Football Hooliganism"; The Journal Of Leisure Studies, Vol. 3, No.2, May 1984: 201-219.2.


·      ‘The Languages of Law’,  Liverpool Law Review,  Vol. 7, No.1 (summer edition), 1985, pp. 33-50.3.


·      ‘Football Hooliganism: Anticipation and Presence"; Youth And Policy, Vol. 1, No.13, Summer 1985, 19-27.4.


·      ‘The Judges And The Football Fan: A SportingContest?’; Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, Vol. 36, No.4, 1985, 351-357.5.


·      ‘Judicial Responses To Football Hooliganism’, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, Vol. 37, No.3, Autumn 1986, 280-2926.


·      ‘Justifying Private Property Rights’, Legal Studies, Vol. 7, No.3, November 1987, 245-262.7.


·      ‘On The Beginnings Of Foundational Legal Research Into Legal Discourse’,  Liverpool  Law Review,  Vol. 9, No.1, April 1987, 23-43.8.


·      ‘Towards A Programme Of Foundational Legal Research,’ Journal Of The British Society For Phenomenology, (JBSP:Philosophy Journal) Vol. 19, No.2, May 1988, 250-258.9.


·      ‘Accountancy Education and Legal Literacy’, The Law Teacher , Vol. 24 Number 40, 1990: 208-221 (co-written with Prof. J. Ward, Univ.of Ulster).


·      ‘Lawyers Watching Their Language’, International Journal of Law and Semiotics, Vol. 4, No. 10, Jan 1991, 61-76..


·      ‘Laws of Language in Hegel's Semiology’,  International Journal of Law and Semiotics, Vol. 5, No.14, 1992, 165-180.12.


·      ‘Towards a Phenomenology of Legal Thinking’, Journal Of The British Society For Phenomenology (JBSP) Vol. 23, No.2, 1992: 167-182.13.


·      ‘Common Sense and the Resistance to Legal Theory’,  Ratio Juris,  Vol. 5, No.2, July 1992: 212-229


·      ‘On Heidegger's Account of Interpretation’, New Comparisons, No.17 , Spring 1994, 150-169. (Co-authored with Chris Harris, Modern Languages Dep't, Lancaster University).


·      ‘On the Idea of a Legal World’,  Int 'I Jnl of the Legal Profession, Vol.1, Winter 1994, 283-310.


·      ‘A Dialectic Despite Itself? Overcoming the Phenomenology of Legal Culture,’ S.& L.S.[Social and Legal Studies,  Sage], 1995, 4(4),453-476.


·      ‘Comparing Legal Cultures of Eastern Europe:the need for a Dialectical Analysis,’ Legal Studies 1996, 16(2), 157-184 (co-authored with Dr Puchalska, Univ. of Lancaster/ UCLan).


·      ‘The Impossibility of Human Rights within a Postmodern Account of Law and Justice.’  J.Civ. Lib  1996, 1(Mar), 34-59.


·      ‘Habermas's New Contribution to Legal Scholarship’,  J. Law & Soc 1997, 24(2), 285-305 (review article).


·      ‘Getting Public Law Back into a Critical Condition: the Rule of Law as a Source for Immanent Critique’  8(4) S. & L.S  1999,, 483-508.


·      ‘Neo-fascist legal theory on trial : an interpretation of Carl Schmitt's defence at Nuremberg from the perspective of Franz Neumann's critical theory of law,’ 12(2) Res Publica. 1999: 161-193


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘The Cheshire world-view,’ Doupe, M. & Salter, M., :11 King's College Law Journal: 2000, 49-77.


·      Ian Bryan & Michael Salter, ‘War crimes prosecutors and intelligence agencies: the case for assessing their collaboration,’ Intelligence and National Security, Volume 16(3), 2001: 93-120 https://doi.org/10.1080/02684520412331306230


·      Doupe, M. & Salter, M., ‘Concealing the Past?: Questioning Textbook Interpretations of the History of Equity and Trusts,’ 22(5) Liverpool Law Review 2002: 253-285.


·      Salter, ‘The Prosecution of Nazi War Criminals and the OSS: The Need For a New Research Agenda’, 2 Journal of Intelligence History (2002): 77–119. 


·      M. Salter and S. Ost, ‘War Crimes and Legal Immunities: The Complicities of Waffen-SS General Karl Wolff in Nazi Medical Experiments’, 12 Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion (2003): http://www.lawandreligion.com>; https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/26002/1/War_Crime_and_Legal_Immunities_Wolff.pdf


·      M Salter, ‘Unsettling Accounts: Methodological Issues within the Reconstruction of the Role of a US Intelligence Agency within the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,’ 6(1) Current Legal Issues,  (2004) 375-403. ISSN 0199264147 - also published in a book chapter version Law and History, OUP, 2014. https://www.worldcat.org/title/law-and-history/oclc/56387223


·      K. von Lingen and M. Salter, ‘Contrasting Strategies within the War Crimes Trials of Kesselring and Wolff,’ 26(3) Liverpool Law Review (2005): 225–66.


·      M. Eastwood and M. Salter, ‘Negotiating Nolle Prosequi at Nuremberg’, 3(1) Journal of International Criminal Justice (2005): 649–65.


·      Michael Salter and Lorie Charlesworth, ‘Ensuring the after-life of the Ciano diaries: Allen Dulles' provision of Nuremberg trial evidence, 21(4) Intelligence and National Security, 2006: 568-603 | https://doi.org/10.1080/02684520600885749.


·      M. Salter, ‘Common Sense and the Resistance to Legal Theory’ Ratio Juris 5(2) (2007): 212 - 229   DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9337.1992.tb00126.x


·      Susan Twist, and Salter, M ‘The Micro-Sovereignty of Discretion in Legal Decision-Making: Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberal Principles of Legality’ 3 Web Journal of of Current Legal Issues, (2007): (web pages with no page numbers but 13, 240 words) ISSN 13601326. www.bailii.org/uk/other/journals/WebJCLI/2007/issue3/salter3.html


·      M. Salter, ‘The Semiotics of Law, Literacy and Literature: Studying the Students’ Acquisition of the Literature of Law,’ Contemporary Issues in Law, Volume 9, Issue 4, 2008, 233-251 (10,500 words).


·      M. Salter, 'Trial by Media: The Psychological Warfare Background to OSS’s Contribution to the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials,' Journal of Intelligence History, 2010 Vol. 9 1/2, 28-40, 8,000 words.


·      M.Salter, 'Carl Schmitt on the Secularisation of Religious Texts as a Resacralisation of Jurisprudence,’ International Journal for the Semiotics of Law: special issue 'Authoriality of Religious Law– A Semiotic Inquiry:' editor Massimo Leone, Summer. published online March 2012,. 1-35, DOI: 10.1007/s11196-012-9265- (hard copy publication March 2013.


·      ‘The Return of Politicised Space: Carl Schmitt’s Re-Orientation of Law Scholarship,’ Tilberg Law Review, Volume 17, Number 1, 2012; 5-31. (10,100 words)


·      'Reinterpreting Competing Interpretations of the Scope and Potential of the Martens Clause,' 17(3) J. Conflict Security Law (2012): 403-437. doi:10.1093/jcsl/krs013 / ISSN 1467-7954. First published online: July 19, 2012. (12,000 words)


·      Maggi Eastwood and M. Salter, 'Post-war Developments of the Martens Clause: The Codification of Crimes Against Humanity Applicable to Acts of Genocide.’ Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies 2.(2) (2012): 250-280.


·      'Law, Power and International Politics with Special Reference to East Asia: Carl Schmitt's Grossraum Analysis,' 11 Chinese Journal of International Law (2012), 393-423.


·      ‘A Reply to Koskennieni's letter’, 12(1) Chinese Journal of International Law (2013), 203-210.


·      Salter and Yinan Yin, ‘Analysing Regionalism within International Law and Relations: The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation as a Grossraum?’ 13(4) Chinese Journal of International Law (2014), 819-877.


·      Kim McGuire and Salter. ‘Legal responses to religious hate crime: Identifying critical issues.’ King's Law Journal 25(2) (2014): 159-184.


·      ‘Uncovering the Hidden Geo-Political Dimensions of Prosecuting Nazi War Crimes: The Covert Support Given by Military and Intelligence Officials for General Karl Wolff in his 1948-49 Trials,’ 2(1) The Covert Policing, Terrorism & Intelligence Law Review, 2014: 2-33


·      M. Salter and Kim McGuire, ‘Issues and Challenges in the Application of Husserlian Phenomenology to the Lived Experience of Hate Crime and Its Legal Aftermath An Enlightenment Prejudice Against Prejudice?" 30(10) Journal of Interpersonal Violence E.Pub (Oct. 6, 2014), hard copy June 1, 2015: 1782-1802.


·      ‘A Critical Assessment of US Intelligence’s Investigation of Nazi Art Looting,’ 13(2) Journal of  International  Criminal  Justice,  Summer  2015:  257–280, https://doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqv015


·      ‘The Liberal Rule of law as a Critical Yardstick for China? Explaining Some Contradictions,’ 5(1) Global Journal of Comparative Law, (2016): 4-43 in ‘Special Issue: Rule of Law and Chinese Legal Reforms.’ 


·      Uwazuruike, Allwell Raphael and Salter, Michael, ‘What does regional studies study? From subnational to supra-national regional spaces or Grossraum of sovereign governance,’ 5 Territory, Politics, Governance, (2017): 1-22. ISSN 2162-2671: http://clok.uclan.ac.uk/16640/2/What%20does%20regional%20studies%20study.pdf