Zhuang Liu received a Bachelor of Law and a Ph.D. in Law from Peking University, and an LLM and a J.S.D. from the University of Chicago. His research focuses on empirical studies of judicial behavior. He applies both traditional methods, such as statistical analysis and regression models, and AI technologies and big data algorithms, such as natural language processing, topic model analysis, machine learning, to study massive judicial decision data in China. As a legal scholar who uses AI and big data in research, he also studies the emerging role and the regulation of AI and big data. His current research projects include using massive judicial opinion and media data in China to predict judicial decision and public reaction; using economic analysis to study the regulation of big data and AI technologies; using experiments to study the hidden behavior patterns of judges (e.g., decision biases and debiasing); using survey data and experiment to study public punitive attitude in China; using mobile telecom network and law compliance data in China to study why people (dis)obey the law. His work has appeared in a number of leading academic journals.


Academic Publications

Scholarly Articles in English

Experiment with Real Judges Shows Neither Common/Civil Law Differences nor Precedent Effects. Journal of Legal Analysis (2020 forthcoming) (with Holger Spamann, Lars Klöhn, Christophe Jamin, Vikramaditya Khanna, Pavan Mamidi, Alexander Morell, Ivan Reidel).

Public Support for the Death Penalty in China: Less from the Populace but More from Elites. China Quarterly (2020 forthcoming).

The Jury Trial and Public Trust in the Judiciary: Evidence from Cross-countries Comparison. Asia Pacific Law Review (2020 forthcoming) (with Lei Chen).

Computational Legal Studies in China, in Ryan Whalen ed., Computational Legal Studies: The Promise and Challenge of Data-Driven Research, Edward Elgar (2020) (with Yingmao Tang).

Legal Techniques for Rationalizing Biased Judicial Decisions. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 16(3) (2019) (with Xueyao Li).

Ownership and Political Control: Evidence from Charter Amendments. International Review of Law and Economics 60 (2019) (with Angela Huyue Zhang).

Mass Publicity of Chinese Court Decisions: Market-Driven or Authoritarian Transparency? China Review 18(2) (2019) (with Yingmao Tang).

Does Reason Writing Reduce Decision Bias? Experimental Evidence from Judges in China. Journal of Legal Studies 47(1) (2018).

Moral Hazard in Securitization: Between Truth and Illusion. Peking University Law Journal, 5(2) (2017).

Scholarly Articles in Chinese

法学中的实验方法,《中国法律评论》2018年第6期。《高等学校文科学术文摘》2019年第2期转载。(An Introduction to Experimental Methods in Legal Studies. China Law Review [Chinese], 6[2018])

影子银行的第三类风险,《中外法学》2018年第1期(CSSCI)。(Moral Hazard in Shadow Banking. Peking University Law Journal [Chinese], 1 [2018].)

司法信任与经济发展,《法律和社会科学》2015年第1期(CSSCI)。(Judicial Trustworthiness and Economic Development. Law and Social Sciences [Chinese], 1 [2015].)

法学教育与法律决策的内在一致性,《法律和社会科学》2013年第2期(CSSCI)。《中国社会科学文摘》2014年第6期转载。(Legal Education and Internal Consistency in Legal Decision Making. Law and Social Sciences [Chinese], 2 [2013]. Reprinted by Social Sciences in China Digest [Chinese], 6 [2014].)

合理性及其限度:再论优先购买权和同意权的并存,《金融法苑》2012年第1期(CSSCI)。(A Study of the Co-existence of the Right of Preemptive Purchasing and the Right of First Refusal in Corporate Law. Financial Law Forum [Chinese], 1 [2012]).

主权财富基金不应被特殊对待——对规制理论基础的研究,《金融法苑》2010年第2期(CSSCI)。(Sovereign Wealth Funds Should Not Be Treated Differently: A Study of the Theory of Regulation. Financial Law Forum [Chinese], 2 [2010]).